BLOOD BANK
The Blood Bank of Tinsukia Civil Hospital was Started in the year of 2004, Licence No-60/Dr/Mfg/ Blood. date of issue 10.04.2003, in the name of LGB Civil Hospital Blood Bank, by Central Licence Approving Authority.

In the very beginning, there was only blood collection facility in our Blood Bank, but gradually with the help and encouragement of Honourable Deputy Commissioner Dr. K. K. Diwedi in the year 2007, we started all the facilities and turned into full-fledged Blood Bank. Now we have 2 no of freezing machine, (Company-REMI) with capacity to store 250 unit blood in each, in this machine we can store blood up to 35 days with CDPA preservative solution. We store blood between 4 to 6 degree centigrade, we always ask people to follow some important rules while taking blood,-transfuse blood within 30 minutes of issue from the Blood Bank, and do not warm the blood by any method before transfusion. We provide 24 hours service with only three technician and one staff nurse. We all staff are trained in this field, specially Blood safety and Rational use of blood, Management of occupational Exposure, PEP. Legislation on Blood and Blood product, Blood storage etc.

We  screen of all donated blood for transfusion-transmissible infection, including the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis viruses (Hepatitis - B, Hepatitis - C), syphilis and other infectious agents, and good laboratory practice in all aspect of blood grouping, compatibility testing and the storage and transportation of blood and blood product.

We refer all sero reactive case for further evaluation and treatment to higher institution free of cost, we maintain confidentiality to those who are sero reactive to HIV, Hbs, HCV, and VDRL. We regularly maintain quality control. We arrange regular blood donation camp in an around Tinsukia district with the help of NGO and local organization. We nominate three top blood donor organizations for selection of the best donor organization every year, awarded by ASACS.

The major donor organization of Tinsukia District are :-

  1. Maruwari Yuba Manch, Tinsukia.
  2. All Assam Moran Student Union.
  3. AASU.
  4. Hindu Yuba Chatra Parisad.
  5. AATTSU.
  6. Bhojpuri Yuba Chatra Parisad.
  7. Bharuka Public Welfare Trust.
  8. ABC India Ltd.
  9. Sant Nirankari Mandal,Tinsukia.

We collect blood from the non-remunerated voluntary blood donor between the age of 18 to 65 from both male and female with following conditions :-

  • Minimum 12g/dl haemoglobin with weight more than 45 Kg.
  • Systolic Blood pressure 100 to 160mmHg and Diastolic Blood pressure 60-90mmHg, Temperature 37 degree centigrade, Pulse 60 to 100 beat/minute and regular.
  • Donors skin at the venepuncture site should be free of any lesion or scar which is indicative of addiction or infection as well as of repeat vanepuncture.

We asked that the donor is in normal health and not suffered or is not suffering from any serious illness eg. malignant disease, epilepsy, bronchial asthma, diabetes, excessive menstrual bleeding, cardio-vascular conditions, renal disease, allergic diseases, abnormal bleeding tendency, under antibiotic therapy, under the influence of alcohol or any drug addiction, having history of malaria within 3 month, having history of  jaundice within 1 year, having history of measles/mumps/chicken-pox for 8 weeks, having history of upper respiratory tract infection within 1 week, those who bitten by any animal within 1 year, Ingestion of aspirin or any related medicine within 3 days prior to donation, donors having history of receiving transfusion of blood or blood product.

The interval between two blood donations should be at least 3 months. (90 days).

Blood transfusion is an essential part of modern health care. Used correctly, it can save life and improve health. However, the transmission of infectious agent by blood and blood products has focused particular attention on the potential risks of transfusion.

The World Health Organization has developed the integrated strategy to promote global blood safety and minimize the risks associated with transfusion, which we follow, The collection of blood only from voluntary non-remunerated donors from low risk population.

We have screen of all donated blood for transfusion-transmissible infection, including the Human Iimmunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis viruses (Hepatitis - B, Hepatitis - C), syphilis and other infectious agents, and good laboratory practice in all aspect of blood grouping, compatibility testing and the storage and transportation of blood and blood product.

Tips for Blood Donor :-

  1. Relax and lay straight in couch.
  2. Ask medical attendant about your Blood Pressure.
  3. Tolerate the Pricking pain.
  4. Take deep breathing during drawing of blood.
  5. Comfortably complete the blood collection measuring 350ml with preservative.
  6. Very few donor complains of Vertigo/Giddiness, Nausea, Vomiting etc. Nobody should be panicky at all, as these are normal incidents, your medical attendant is always there to help you.
  7. Donor will recover within few minutes.
  8. Have a glass of water after donation.
  9. Stay at couch for 15 minute after donation.
  10. No need to have rich diet after donation. Only a few glass of water is sufficient to replace the deficit volume over a few hours.
  11. Please collect a donors appreciation certificate from the Medical officer.

WHAT IS BLOOD :-

Blood is connective tissue of human body, blood is composed of Plasma in which the following highly specialized cells are suspended -
  • Red blood cells
  • White Blood cells
  • Platelets

All blood cells develop from stem or precursor cells that are produced principally in the bone marrow.

Red blood Cell :- Red blood cells are produced in bone marrow under the controlling influence of the renal hormone erythropoietin. After entering the blood stream, they have a life -span of approximately 120 days before being broken down in the reticuloendothelial system. The red cells contain the Iron-containing pigment haemoglobin, whose primary function is to store and transport oxygen.

The haemoglobin molecule is made up of four sub-units, each of which is composed of an iron-containing ring surrounded by a peptide chain. The haemoglobin molecule therefore has four peptide chains which exist in two pairs.

Normal adult haemoglobin, two chains are of one type, alpha-chains, and two of another, beta-chains. Each sub-unit of haemoglobin can reversibly combine with one molecule of Oxygen. Thus each molecule of haemoglobin can combine with a maximum of four molecules of Oxygen.

Haemoglobin is usually measured in grams per decilitre (g/dl) or grams per millilitre (g/100ml) of blood.
In adult males, a typical level would be approximately 14g/dl and in adult females 13g/dl.
Red cells are the most numerous of the cells in blood and normally occupy about 45% of the total blood volume.

White blood cells :-

White blood cells (leucocytes) are a family of cells consisting of :
  • Neutrophil
  • Eosinophil
  • Lymphocyte
  • Monocytes
  • Basophil

They are produced in the bone marrow and lymphatic tissue. Their principal role in the blood is to identify, destroy and remove any foreign material that has entered the body. These cells are therefore important in fighting infection and in developing resistance to infection in response to natural exposure or immunization. White cells occupy less than 1% of the total blood volume.

Platelets :-

Platelets are small fragments of cells (megakaryocytes), which are produced in the bone marrow and contain enzymes and other biologically active substances (mediators). Their function is to respond to any vascular wall damage by gathering together at the site of injury to form an initial temporary platelet plug and releasing their contents in to the blood. The released contents of platelets are largely responsible for the subsequent coagulation process by activating the blood clotting mechanism that results in the permanent deposition of a fibrin clot at the site of damage, preventing further bleeding.

Plasma :-

Plasma contains proteins, chemical substances, coagulation factors and numerous metabolic substances. It is capable of clotting.

Total volume of blood for a healthy individual is approximately 7gm/dl of body weight or 70 ml/Kg. For example, a 60 Kg man would have a blood volume of 70 X 60, which is 4200 ml.

  • Age Group - Blood Volume, Neonates - 85-99 ml/kg, Children - 80 ml/kg, Adult - 70ml/kg.

Blood is highly needed in acute haemorrhage and chronic anaemia. People having haemoglobin below 7g/dl are only advisable to transfuse blood.

Normal Value of Human Blood